Improving Wetware

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Rails Gotcha on Shared Hosting

Posted by Pete McBreen Wed, 19 Jan 2011 05:42:00 GMT

In a shared hosting environment, the system does not always have all of the gems you need, but when a gem is installed locally under your own account, mongrel or passenger does not see where the gems are and you get the great error message:

Missing these required gems
    bluecloth

You get this message from mongrel even after running rake gems:install and having it report that the gem is successfully installed.

The Fix for Missing these required gems

Set the GEM_PATH to point to your local gems as well as the system gems, but you cannot just set it in .bashrc, since apache runs under a different user and does not see your scripts. Hence when mongrel runs, it does not see the locally installed gems.

The Rails preinitializer.rb that lives in the config directory can set the GEM_PATH and then Mongrel can see the locally installed gems.

The file config/preinitializer.rb needs to contain the following

ENV['GEM_PATH'] = '/home/pete/ruby/gems:/usr/lib/ruby/gems/1.8'
Gem.clear_paths

Obviously you will need to replace the path to my local rubygems home/pete/ruby/gems with your own local gem path.

A hat tip to Damien White for pointing me to this fix. Here’s hoping that this extra link moves his site up in the google listing for the query mongrel “Missing these required gems”